One universal truth about quilters is that we spend a lot of time with our irons! I get tons of questions about ironing and pressing, so here’s the lowdown on pressing your fabric, and a mini-tutorial on how to press your seam allowances.
Pressing, NOT Ironing
For new quilters, it’s important to learn that pressing is NOT the same as ironing! When you iron a piece of clothing, you’re trying to smooth out wrinkles, usually with a light hand and lots of side-to-side motion.
When making a quilt, you want to press straight down and avoid any side to side pressure that might distort your fabric. Your objective is flat, undistorted fabric, a square block, and seams that lay FLAT.
Press to prepare fabric before cutting
It’s SO TEMPTING to jump right in and cut fabric when you’re ready to start sewing a new quilt! And while there are no Quilt Police and perfection is overrated, a little extra preparation can prevent frustrating issues, and help you get superior results when you really want to make an intricate, beautiful quilt!
Whether your fabric is fresh from the quilt shop, fresh from the dryer, or fresh from your perfectly organized fabric stash, it probably has some creases or wrinkles. Cutting wrinkled fabric is a guaranteed way to get crooked cuts, so always press your yardage or precuts before cutting.
If your quilt pattern has curves, intricate piecing, or lots of bias sewing, spray some starch on the fabric first.
Using the biggest ironing board that you can, smooth out your yardage or precuts on the ironing board. Check that the fibres in the weave are square (perpendicular), not distorted. Press the hot iron straight down and hold for a few seconds. Lift the iron slightly before moving it over by a few inches, then press straight down again. Continue until you’ve covered as much yardage as fits on the ironing board, then shift the yardage down and continue pressing until it’s all pressed.
If you’re pressing multiple smaller cuts, such as fat eighths, press one piece, then feel free to stack the next layer on top of it and continue pressing.
How to “set seams” before pressing seam allowances
To set the seam, lay the quilt block on your ironing board exactly the way it came out of the sewing machine, right sides together. Press your iron straight down on the seam. Then proceed to open up the block and press as desired.
This quick bit of heat relaxes the fibres in both the fabric and the piecing thread, making them a bit more flexible. Then when you open up your block, they’re more willing to bend and smoosh into each other, which results in flatter seams and less distortion. I like to think of it as a soak in the hot tub before a massage.
Which way to press seam allowances
There is no universal “best” way to press seam allowances that will give great results in all situations. Pressing direction can influence the appearance and durability of your quilt in a number of different ways.
Personally, I tend to mix it up depending on which pros and cons are most important for the seam I’m working on. (And if I’m writing a pattern, it’s sometimes easier to just say “press open” than try to explain which side you should press to!) Let’s take a look at some pros and cons of each approach to pressing:
Press seams open
To press seams open, lay the right side of your block against your ironing board. Use the tip of your iron to gently separate the two sides of your seam allowance. (You may want to use a fingernail or a stiletto to get things started.) Press straight down. For longer seams, lift the iron slightly before moving the iron forward to separate the next part of the seam allowance. Continue until you have pressed the entire seam. If desired, turn the block over and press again from the right side.
Seams that are pressed open can be flatter, even giving a “seamless” look. You may also find that open seams help your quilt blocks turn out the desired size more consistently than seams that are pressed to one side, since you don’t lose any fabric to “turn of fabric.”
If you plan to quilt using a “stitch in the ditch” approach, those flat seams mean that you don’t have a ditch to stitch in. Stitching between the two patches can mean you’re actually not quilting through your quilt top at all, if your quilting stitches are right over your seam. That can result in your quilting stitches putting strain on your piecing stitches, and you definitely don’t want that. It’s best to quilt across any seams that are pressed open.
Press seams to the side
Without opening the block, lay your quilt block on the ironing board. The side facing up is the side that the seam allowance will be pressed toward. Set the seam. Lift the top side of the block and open it so that the right side of the block is visible. Without stretching, use the side of the iron to gently open the seam completely. Press the iron straight down. For longer seams, lift the iron slightly before moving the iron forward to open the next section of seam with the side of the iron.
The slight ridge that you get when you press to one side can be helpful for matching intersections when putting quilt blocks together, also known as nesting seams.
That ridge also gives you a head start on giving your quilting dimension. If you’re planning to stitch in the ditch, press seam allowances toward the side that will be more prominent.
Depending on your fabric and batting choices, you may be able to see the seam allowances’ “shadow” through lighter fabrics. To avoid this, you can press to the dark side.
Depending on the number of patches that meet at an intersection, seam allowances can build up to make a bulky bump that is difficult to quilt through. To avoid this, you can spin your seam allowances at intersections.
Thicker fabrics, heavier threads, and incomplete opening when pressing can lead to quilt blocks that are smaller than desired. To avoid this, check and test your 1/4″ seam allowance before starting your project.
How to spin seam allowances
It takes a bit of planning ahead, but spinning or twirling seam allowances can lead to less bulk at the intersections where multiple seams meet.
Wanna see it in action? Watch the video in my Instagram highlights
It takes a little bit of practice, and you have to plan out your pressing directions carefully for it all to work out, but the results are very satisfying!
Tailor’s clapper for flatter seams
A tailor’s clapper is a block of wood that you lay on top of your freshly pressed block.
The weight of the wood keeps the seams flat, while its relatively cool temperature helps cool off the fibres in the fabric and thread. The effect is similar to using a cool blast setting on a hairdryer: the fibres hold the desired shape better than if you let them relax while they cool. Science!
I hope you found this post helpful!
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